Overview of the Book of John – Outline

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Stated Purpose of the Book of John: John 20:30, 31 ?And truly, Jesus did many other signs in the presence of His disciples, which are not written in this book; but these are written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that believing you may have life in His name?.

Structural Divisions

John 1 ? 2:12 (Introduction and Prologue)

  • John 2:13 – 4 (Up to Jerusalem and back to Galilee)
  • John 5:1 ? 7:1 (Up to Jerusalem and back to Galilee)
  • John 7:2 – 10 (Up to Jerusalem and back to Galilee)
  • John 11 -21 (Up to Jerusalem for Last Passover and at Galilee post-resurrection)

Miracles Outline and Events tied to them to Illustrate Thought Flow in the Sign Packages

  • John 2:1-11 (key 11) Wedding of Cana
    Jesus turns 6 water pots with 20 or 30 gallons a piece into wine
    • Event: Miracle at Cana
      • Discussion: This best wine was served last! (2:10)
        • Result: His disciples believed in Him.
    • Event: Clearing of the Temple (2:13-22)
      CONFRONTATION with WORSHIP SYSTEM
      • Discussion: On the Temple?s worship and Christ?s Death
        • Result: Jews disbelieve but disciples believe
      • Discussion: Nicodemus and the terms of entering into the Kingdom by means of belief (3:1-21)
        • Result: Nicodemus subsequently saved (John 7:50, 19:39)
      • Discussion: John pointing to the Son for belief resulting in everlasting life (3:22-36)
        • Result: John exalts Christ (John 3:30-36)
      • Discussion: Samaritan Woman about Worship in spirit and in truth (4:1-42)
        • Result: Many Samaritans believe (without a miracle no less) (4:39-42)

  • John 4:46-54 (key 54) The Nobleman?s Son
    Nobleman?s Son healed from a distance
    • Event: Welcomed at Galilee and now back in Cana (5:43-47)
      • Discussion: Christ is the basis of healing, Belief is the basis of trusting that the healing has been performed (5:50-53)
        • Result: Nobleman and his household believe (4:53)

  • John 5:1-15 The Pool of Bethesda
    A man is healed of a 38 year infirmity
    • Event: Healed man takes up bed and walks
      • Discussion: Made well, sin no more (John 5:14)
        • Result: Tells the Jews that it was Jesus who healed him (5:15)
    • Event: Jews seek to kill Jesus because He had done this on the Sabbath (5:16) CONFRONTATION with WORSHIPPER?S LEGALITY
      • Discussion: Son?s equality with the Father and the Fourfold witness (5:17-47)
        • Result: The Jews do not believe (5:47)
  • John 6:1-14 Feeding the Five Thousand
    Five thousand fed from 5 loaves of bread and 2 small fish
    • Event: Great multitude follows Jesus (6:2)
      • Discussion: The Sign speaks for itself
        • Result: They saw the sign and said ?this is truly the Prophet who is to come into the world? (A faux belief apparently)
  • John 6:15-21 Walking on Water
    Jesus walks on water and meets the disciples
    • Event: Jesus sends disciples on ahead and meets them at night walking on the water of the sea toward Capernaum
    • Event: CONFRONTATION with WORSHIPPER?S TRADITION
      • Discussion: The Bread from Heaven and God not from Moses (6:22-6:71)
        • Result: Many disciples turn away (6:60)
      • Discussion: ?My time is not yet come? (7:1-9)
        • Result: Jesus? brother?s disbelieve
    • Event: CONFRONTATION with WORSHIP GATHERERS
      • Discussion: ?You seek to Kill me? (7:16-7:38)
        • Result: Many of the people believe ( 7:31)
        • Result: Some wanted to take him and others did not (7:40-44)
        • Result: Rejected by Authorities (7:45-52)
    • Event: Adulteress to be stoned and
      CONFRONTATION with WORSHIPPING LAW EXPERTS (7:53-8:59)
      • Discussion: ?He who has no sin? (8:7)
        • Result: Consciences convicted (8:9)
      • Discussion: ?Your witness is not true!? (8:13-29)
        • Result: Many believed on Him (8:30)
      • Discussion: Truth sets one free and ?Before Abraham was, I Am.? (8:30 ? 8:59)
        • Result: ?believers? take up stones to throw at him ( 8:59)
  • John 9:1-12 Blind made to See
    • Event: Jesus heals a man who is born blind and CONFRONTATION with BLIND WORSHIPPERS (9:13-41)
      • Discussion: True Vision and True blindness (9:35-41)
        • Result: Blind man believes (9:38)
        • Result: Pharisees do not believe (9:40,41)
      • Discussion: The Shepherd: True, Good and Knower of Sheep (10:1-20)
        • Result: Jews take up stones to throw at him and to seize Him (10:31, 39
        • Result: Beyond Jordan many believe (10:42)
  • John 11:1-44 The Resurrection of Lazarus
    • Event: Lazarus is sick and Jesus receives news (11:3)
      • Discussion: for the glory of God (11:4) and so that you may believe (11:14)
        • Result: Disciples go expecting to die (11:16)
      • Discussion: I am the resurrection and the Life (11:25-26)
    • Event: Lazarus raised from the dead (11:38-44)
      • Discussion: The miracle speaks for itself
        • Result: Jews who saw believed in Him (11:45, 12:11)
        • Result: The Pharisees plot to kill Jesus (11:26-57)
        • Result: The Chief Priests take counsel to kill Lazarus as well (12:9-10)
    • Event: Dinner at Lazarus? House and the Anointing (12:1-8)
      • Discussion: ??for my day of burial? (12:7-8)
    • Event: The Triumphal Entry (12:12-19)
      • Discussion: ?Anyone loves their life, they shall lose it? (12:23-26)
    • Event and Discussion: ?For this hour I have come? (12:27,28)
      • Event and Discussion: the Voice from heaven and the prediction of death on the cross (12:28-36)
        • Result: Many of those people did not believe in him (12:37) and apparently could not believe (12:39)
        • Result: Many of the rulers believed but didn?t confess Him ( 12:42-43)

Patterns:

SEVEN SIGNS of JESUS THE SON OF GOD

  • Wedding of Cana (2:1-11)
  • The Nobleman?s Son ( 4:46-54)
  • The Pool of Bethesda (5:1-15)
  • Feeding the Five Thousand (6:1-14) (Matt 14:13-21; Mk 6:32-44; Lk 9:10-17)
  • Walking on Water ( 6:15-21) (Matt 14:22-33; Mk 6:45-52)
  • Blind Man Made to See (9:1-12)
  • The Resurrection of Lazarus (11:1-44)

What do these signs attest? (That Jesus Christ is the Son of God)

  • Deity has no limit on quality of life
  • Deity is not limited by space
  • Deity is not limited by time/condition
  • Deity is not limited by human resources
  • Deity is not limited by natural law
  • Deity is not limited by genetic misfortune
  • Deity is not limited by death

What do these Signs attest to life? (That believing on Him you will have life)

Salvation

  • This Salvation Offers a Greater Life than the first
  • Salvation is by Faith
  • Salvation is by Grace
  • Salvation is God?s Provision
  • Salvation is of the power of God and of the Belief-Action of Men
  • Salvation is of the power of God and of the Belief-Action of Men
  • Salvation is Life

Eternal Life

  • Eternal Life is better than Mortal Life
  • Eternal Life is unseen but promised on God?s words
  • Eternal Life is unmerited
  • Eternal Life is God?s Provision
  • Eternal Life over powers Natural Life
  • Eternal Life reveals God?s glory and man?s solution
  • Eternal Life is brought by Christ

SEVEN DISCUSSIONS with WOMEN

  • Woman at the wedding: A New Relationship Celebrated (2:4-5)
  • Woman at the well: Many Relationships (4:1-26)
  • Woman caught in the act: A Wrong Relationship (8:1-12)
  • Distraught Women: A Torn Relationship (11:1-37)
  • Worshipping Woman: An Esteemed Relationship (12:1-8)
  • A Woman and her New Son: A Passed Relationship ( 19:25-27)
  • Woman At a Tomb: A New Relationship Formed ( 20:11-18)

WATER EVENTS

(Intermission: John Baptizes with Water: 1:19-34)

  • Water into Wine (2:1-11)
  • Born of water and the Spirit (3:5)

(Intermission: Jesus? Disciples Baptizes with Water: 3:22-36)

  • Living Water (4:1-26)

(Intermission: Ineffectual Water Ritual (5:1-9))

  • Jesus Walking on Water ( 6:15-21)
  • Flowing of Rivers of Water ( 7:38)

(Intermission: Washing and healing in water by Effectual word of Christ (9:1-12))

  • Washing Disciples feet (John 13:1-8)
  • Water from His side ( 19:31-37)

SEVEN WITNESSES of CHRIST ATTESTING TO HIS SONSHIP and DEITY

  • John the Baptist (1:7, 32-34, 5:34-35)
  • The Works of Christ (5:36)
  • The Father who Sent Christ (5:37, 8:18)
  • The Scriptures (5:38-39)
  • Moses (5:45-47)
  • Himself (8:18-20)
  • Abraham (8:56)

SEVEN PICTURES of CHRIST as DEITY

  • The Light (1:7-13, 3:19-21, 12:44-50)
  • The Bread from Heaven (6:22-40)
  • The Truth (8:31-36, 14:6)
  • The Shepherd (10:1-30)
  • Resurrection and Life (11:17-37; 14:6)
  • The Way (14:6)
  • True Vine (15:1-8)

SEVEN PROPHESIES FULLFILLED by ENEMIES

  • Temple made into den of thieves (2:14-22)
  • The Plotting Priests and Pharisees (11:46-53)
  • The people welcome Him (12:12-17)
  • Disbelief of the people (12:37-41)
  • ?He made Himself the Son of God? (19:7)
  • Cast lots for clothing (19:24)
  • Looking on Him whom they pierced (19:31-37)

FEASTS

  • Feast of Passover ( 2:12,13)
  • A Feast (5:1)
  • Feast of Passover (6:4)
  • Feast of Tabernacles (7:2)
  • Feast of Dedication ( 10:22)
  • Feast of Passover (12:1)

FEASTS

  • Clearing ( 2:14-17)
  • Superstition (5:1-4)
  • Teaching / Sitting ( 7:28; 8:1,20)
  • Exposing ( 10:23)
  • Temple in People ( 14:15-18)

Thought Flow Divisions

  • Prologue 1:1-18
  • Signs 1:19 ? 12:50
  • Farewell 13 ? 17
  • Passion and Resurrection 18 ? 20
  • Epilogue 21
Verses Sign Son of God Eternal Life
2:1-11 Wedding of Cana Deity has no limit on quality of life Eternal Life is better than Mortal Life
4:46-54 The Nobleman?s Son Deity is not limited by space Eternal Life is unseen but promised (FAITH)
5:1-15 The Pool of Bethesda Deity is not limited by time/condition Eternal Life is unmerited (GRACE)
6:1-14 Feeding the Five Thousand Deity is not limited by human resources Eternal Life is God?s Provision (PROVISION)
6:15-21 Walking on Water Deity is not limited by natural law Eternal Life over powers Natural Life
9:1-12 Blind Man Made to See Deity is not limited by genetic misfortune Eternal Life reveals God?s glory and man?s solution
11:1-44 The Resurrection of Lazarus Deity is not limited by death Eternal Life is brought by Christ
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