When Was Jesus Crucified?

I had a conversation with a buddy of mine in church in regards to the Chronology of the passion narrative: specifically when the Lord’s Supper occurred in light of John’s seemingly odd chronology (cf. John 19 where Christ’s crucifixion is said to be happening on the Day of Preparation for the Passover).

My buddy supplied me with a publisher document which I won’t share since it’s his own but I will supply my version of his chart in conjunction with my own chart. Interesting to me anyway was the fact that I did this a long time ago and had forgotten about it pulling a Jeremy.

My buddy’s chart on top, my chart’s on the bottom: the only difference really is that I think John’s Day of Preparation is for the Feast of Unleavened Bread whereas my buddy thinks that there was a private Passover the night before and a real sacrifice the next day.

So when was Jesus Crucified? On a Friday AM before a High Sabbath which would have been the happy coincidence (lol) of the Feast of Unleavened bread (mandatory Sabbath) landing on the actual Sabbath? The Lambs then would’ve been slaughtered at the temple on Thursday AM and the meal eaten on Thursday PM which is officially, Passover Day.

Dan’s Chronology of the Crucifixion

Rey’s Chronology of the Crucifixion

Verses on the Chronology of the Crucifixion

[one-fourth-first]Thursday

  • Mark 14:12-16, Matt 26:17-20, Luke 22:7–13 Passover prepared ( Thursday Afternoon)
  • Mark 14:17, Matt 26:20; Luke 22:14-16, 24-30 Passover (Thursday after Sunset)
  • John 13 Washes Feet
  • Mark 14:18-21, Matt 26:21-25, Luke 22:21-23, John 13:21-30Judas goes out
  • Mark 14:27-31 After Judas leaves
  • Mark 14:22-25, Matt 26:26-29, 1 Cor 11:23-26 The Lord’s Supper
  • John 14 Upper Room Discussion
  • John 15 – 16:28 Discussion out in the street walking
  • John 17 Jesus high priestly prayer approaching Mt. of Olives
  • Matt 26:30-32 Mount of Olives
  • Luke 22:24-30 Who is the greatest?
  • Matt 26:33-35 Peter’s Denial predicted
  • Luke 22:35-39 Told to prepare with sword
  • Matt 26:36 To Gethsemane
  • Matt 26:38-56 Prays, Watch and betrayed
  • John 18:19-24 Jesus at Annas
  • Matt 26:57-68 To Caiaphas
  • Matt 26:71-72; Luke 22:59-62 Peter’s Denial

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[one-fourth]Friday

  • John 19:42 “Jewish Day of Preparation”
  • Matt 27:1, Mk 15:1, Luke 22:66, John 18:28 Morning
  • Matt 27:3-10 Judas returns 30 pieces of silver
  • Luke 23:1-5, John 18:28-38 Jesus and Pilate
  • Luke 23:6–12 Jesus before Herod
  • Mark 15:6–15, John 18:39 – 19:3 Jesus before Pilate Flogged, crown of thorns
  • John 19:4-8 Pilate: Behold the man
  • John 19:9-16 6th Hour: Behold your king
  • Mark 15:21-22 Walk to Calvary
  • Mark 15:25 Crucified
  • John 19:25-27 Woman: Behold your son
  • Matt 27:45-50, Mark 15:33-37; John 19:28-30 Time of darkness and thirst
  • Mark 15:34 Why have you forsaken me
  • Mark 15:38-41, Matt 27:51-56, Luke 23:45, 47-49 The Events
  • Mark 15:42, John 19:42 Evening, Joseph with Pilate (before sunset)
  • Matt 27:62-66 Watch set at tomb (after sunset)

[/one-fourth]
[one-fourth]Saturday

  • Mark 16:1 Bought Spices (PM: after dusk)

[/one-fourth]
[one-fourth]Sunday

  • Matt 28:1-8, Mk 16:2-8, *Lk 24:1-8, John 20:1-10 Empty Tomb before sunrise
  • Matt 28:11-15; Mk 16:9-11; Jn 20:11-18 Report to Sanhedrin
  • Matt 28:9,10; Lk 24:9-11 Jesus appears to women
  • Appearance to two disciples Mk 16:12,13; Lk 24:13-32
  • Lk 24:33-35 appearance to peter
  • Mk 16:14; Lk 24:36-43; John 20:19-23 appearance to all
    disciples

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